Places and groups of forgotten victims of National Socialism
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monument, memorial plaque
memorial complex
exhibition
public initiatives and actors
unknown place
soviet prisoners of war
patients in psychiatric hospitals
roma
jewish population*
civilians*
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* in the occupied territories

The memorial on the place of shooting 500 civilians

On August 25, 1941, Dnipropetrovsk was occupied by German troops. The Nazi occupation administration of the same district of the Reichskommissariat Ukraine as well as the Dnipropetrovsk (Kreisgebiet Dnjepropetrowsk-Stadt) and the Land (Kreisgebiet Dnjepropetrowsk-Land) district are located here [4].

The yard of the specialized secondary school №9 in Dnipro is one of the places of mass killings of civilians. During the occupation here was one of the departments of the Gestapo, which was engaged in pursuing underground movement [2].

The mill combine building, which is located on the modern street of Princess Olga, was occupied by Gestapo Sonderkommanda in the autumn of 1941. However, the killings took place in the courtyard of the school №9, situated behind the brick wall, where we are now. Residents of neighboring houses were well aware of how in this wall the Germans made a wide gap. In this place dangerous, from the point of view of the Nazis, people were shot [5].

In 1961, while digging a pit for the construction of workshops in the school yard, the excavator grablifted human bones. Currently, we know dozens of names of people who were shot here. Among them: Ivan Kotivets (a former fighter of the Mykola Shchors’ squad), Fedir Tymchenko (a border guard, a hero of fighting in Khasan), Semen Rondo (a partisan from Mahdalynivs`kyi district), Ivan Chybiryakov (a veteran of the collective farm movement from Lyubymivka), Holubnichi family (mother and two daughters) and many others [5].

In 1967, the question about the remains of the victims of Nazism on the territory of the school was raised again. Therefore, the excavations and a forensic medical examination were carried out in the summer of 1967, during which it was revealed that people of different ages (mostly young) were buried there. Among the victims were found prisoners of war, old men, women, children. The shootings took place during the entire occupation period. The remains of 167 people were reburied in a mass grave. There is a plaque with the inscription: “Here buried the remains of Soviet patriots shot by the Nazis in the yard of school № 9 during the period of the city's temporary occupation (September 1941 - October 1943). Reburied in 1967”. This grave is located on the left at the entrance to the Zaporiz`ke cemetery [2].
Photo by Maryna Tkachenko
After the research was completed, an inspection of the territory of the inner courtyard of the school was carried out by laying control tranches. At the same time, a large trench was found, also filled with the human remnants. It was located between the school building and the brick wall. 107 bodies were removed from the trench.
The location of the graves and control trenches. Photo by Maryna Tkachenko
As a result of the excavation works carried out in the courtyard of the school № 9, 160 human remains (43 women, 3 children and 114 men) were reburied at Zaporiz`ke cemetery. 

According to the eyewitnesses, there were inscriptions on the basement walls, which, unfortunately, were not preserved. (For example, “Goodbye, Mom, I'm dying for my family!”, “Take revenge for us!!”, “I'm dying, but I don't give up! ...”) [5].
Іn 1964 there was the inscription on the wall: “You, the living, stop and bow!”
Source: Dnipropetrovsk Regional Center for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Property. Passport of the monument, index: 2.4.1449-2.4.21
In 1965, a memorial plate to the memory of residents of Dnepropetrovsk, who were shot in 1941 by German invaders, was installed on the site of a mass shooting. The inscription is still there [3].
The monument before 1983 included: a red brick wall (length 15 m) with an inscription, a platform (2.65 x 12.3 x 0.33 m) on which there was a rectangular cast-iron plaque (1.2 m x 2,8 m) with a memorial text: “Five hundred Soviet citizens were shot here during the German-fascist occupation of Dnepropetrovsk” [4].
Source: Dnipropetrovsk Regional Center for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Property. Passport of the monument, index: 2.4.1449-2.4.21
The reconstruction was carried out in 1982. The memorial plaque was made of cast iron of black color. The black inscription on the plate can be clearly seen because it is highlighted in white. 

Near the inscription there is a bas-relief that depicts a man and a woman who leaned her head on his shoulder. Sculptor: Nebozhenko Volodymyr Pavlovych, architect: Polozhyi Volodymyr Stepanovych [4].
Source: Dnipropetrovsk Regional Center for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Property. Passport of the monument, index: 2.4.1449-2.4.21
The unknown removed a part of the metal inscription and left only the word “Stop” in October 2018 [2].
Photo by Maryna Tkachenko
Mostova Street, 3, Dnipro. 
Since August 8, 1970, the monument has been in the registry of the Dnipropetrovsk regional “Organization of the Ukrainian Society for the Protection of Monuments of History and Culture” (in Ukrainian: “Організація українського товариства охорони пам’яток історії і культури”) Schoolchildren have been conducting thematic events for many years at the memorable place.
(only in Ukrainian or Russian):
1.    Акт о переносе останков советских граждан, зверски замученных и расстрелянных немецко-фашистскими захватчиками в период временной оккупации г. Днепропетровска в 1941–43 гг. на территории школы № 9, улица Мостовая № 3 // Днепропетровский областной центр с охраны историко-культурных ценностей. Паспорт памятного места: место расстрела советских граждан в период оккупации города Днепропетровска немецко-фашистскими оккупантами во дворе школы №9, индекс: 2.4.1449-2.4.21. 
2.    Война в Днепропетровске [Электронный ресурс] / КР.UA – Режим доступа:  https://kp.ua/dp/225837-voina-v-dnepropetrovske
3.    Державний архів Дніпропетровської області. – Ф. 2427: Рада Дніпропетровської організації Українського товариства охорони пам’яток історії і культури, м. Дніпропетровськ, оп. 1, спр. 84, арк. 4.
4.    Дніпропетровський обласний центр з охорони історико-культурних цінностей. Паспорт пам’ятного місця: місце розстрілу радянських громадян у період окупації міста Дніпропетровська німецько-фашистськими окупантами  у дворі школи №9, індекс: 2.4.1449-2.4.21.
5.    Страницы каменной книги: 60 памятных мест Днепропетровска / авт. текста М. Шатров. – Днепропетровск: Промінь, 1969. – 239 с.
6.    Что за люди: в Днепре изуродовали мемориал [Электронный ресурс] / VGORODE.UA – Режим доступа:  https://dp.vgorode.ua/news/sobytyia/377144-chto-za-luidy-v-dnepre-yzurodovaly-memoryal

Author: Maryna Tkachenko
Sites of memory