German troops occupied Rostov twice: in the fall of 1941 and in the summer of 1942. The war caused great damage to the city. Rostov-on-Don was one of the ten cities most affected by the war in Russia. In the city during the fighting, about 12 thousand houses were destroyed. Wehrmacht along with Nazis murdered more than 40 thousand people.
The wild arbitrariness and atrocities of the invaders during the first days were later replaced by organized physical extermination of the entire Jewish population, communists and civilians.
At the corner of Soviet and Verkhnenolnaya streets in the autumn of 1941, 90 civilians of the city — mostly old men and teenagers — were shot.
In September 1941, several bombs hit the building of the Maxim Gorky Theater, after which it was severely damaged. Presumably, several shots were fired at the German soldiers from its territory, an officer was killed. The National Socialists captured the civilians closest to the place of the murder -- 86 men (mostly elderly, disabled, schoolchildren) and four women. Then two women were exchanged for two men who passed by the street. Everything was done with a certain thoroughness - people were photographed before being shot. The next day after the shooting the photo was published in a local newspaper.
Thus, one of the places of mass shooting of the Soviet people was the intersection of the current Sovetskaya and Verkhnenolnaya streets, where 90 people were shot.
The commemorative plaque dedicated to the victims is installed on the house 2/59 on Verkhnenolnaya st.
The shooting took place near the residential building at the intersection of Sovetskaya and Verkhnenolnaya streets. This place is located in the city center of Rostov-on-Don.
Rostov-on-Don, ul. Verkhnenolnaya 2/59. As the building is residential, the access to the memorial plaque is open to everybody.
The plaque is under the guardianship of the Rostov branch of All-Russian Society for the Protection of Monuments of History and Culture (Rostov-on-Don, per. Gazetniy, 92/85). The chairman of the organization: Alexander Kozhin.
1. The official website of the Rostov branch of the All-Russian Society for the Protection of Monuments of History and Culture: http://www.voopiik-don.ru/
2. The “Rostov coast” website for the history of the Don region: http://www.rostovbereg.ru/
3. Information platform "Rostov dictionary" at the Rostov department of the All-Russian Society for Monument Protection http://rslovar.com/