Places and groups of forgotten victims of National Socialism
monument, memorial plaque
memorial complex
public initiatives and actors
unknown place
soviet prisoners of war
patients in psychiatric hospitals
jewish population*

* in the occupied territories

Memorial site "Hebertshausen shooting range"

The Shooting Range Hebertshausen (German: Schießplatz Hebertshausen) was a shooting range at Dachau concentration camp, located two kilometers north of the Dachau main camp for SS guards that used live Soviet prisoners of war as targets. It was built in 1937-38 as an expansion to Dachau concentration camp. Between 1941 and 1942, more than 4,000 Soviet prisoners were murdered on the site. These were mainly officers, communist officials, and Jews. The victims were “singled out” according to ideological and racist criteria by Gestapo Einsatzkommandos in the POW camps of the military districts of Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden and Salzburg. 

After World War II, American troops assumed control of the site and continued to use it as a firing range. 
In the 1950s the site was handed over to the Free State of Bavaria and administered by the Bavarian Ministry of Finance. Since 1997, the site has been in the care of the State Centre for Political Education. On May 2, 2014, the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site opened the newly designed memorial to Nazi victims at the former SS shooting range Hebertshausen. 
Visitors can view an exhibition with information about the site in multiple languages. Currently, 816 names of those murdered are listed on the memorial installations in Hebertshausen. The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site estimates that between 1500 and 2000 names of victims can be identified over the long term. There is also a memorial stone created by the artist Will Elfes in 1964 on site.

The Munich-based Consulate General of the Russian Federation and the Consulate General of Ukraine have accepted the former Hebertshausen shooting range as a memorial to their fallen soldiers. In addition, yearly ceremonies are held at the site to commemorate the anniversary of the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp (April 29).

Cholo 3 / CC BY-SA (
Sites of memory